Walking through any Italian city, you will cross the way of one of the following forces, at least: State police, Carabinieri (Gendarmerie), Municipal police, Provincial police, Financial police, Penitentiary police, and now, even soldiers ! This seems crazy. It probably is, unless this incredible fragmentation of policing is aimed at making « organised crime groups » (if they exist – see my other article on “disorganised crime”) take the power in the police. By multiplying the forces, the risk to have a security body captured by mafia interests would be made less dangerous, provided there are « virgin » forces besides. But the reality is, I fear, different. By having so many forces, the exact opposite occurs: there are more forces to bribe and penetrate, and the political and administrative control over them is made more difficult by their different governance schemes and responsible ministries/bureaucracies. Very pragmatically, this high number of forces is an appreciated way (for those concerned) to create prestigious positions in a huge security apparatus, with generals and colonels dispatched on the territory. In a country where uniform and more generally clothing prestige means so much, this is not anecdotic. From there, we could  make the hypothesis that the multiplication of policing sources is not an answer, but a cause or at least a window of opportunities for the development of criminal activities.